n his book Fighting for Honor, as well as his article "Combat and Crossing of the Kalunga", Dr. Desch Obi draws parallels between the circle space used in the Engolo and the inverted
techniques with the Kalunga Cosmology, in which the spirit–ancestor world is inverted as a world of opposites: Where men walk on their feet, the spirits walk on the their hands, where men
are black, the spirits are white, where men reach their peak physical abilities in life, the ancestors reach their peak spirituality. He states that men in performing N'Golo with its
inverted positions connect themselves physically and spiritually with the ancestors, and with specific ancestral warriors of the past.