Fanziquán (Chinese: 翻子拳; literally "Rotating fist")
Until at least the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), Fanziquán was known as Bashanfan (Chinese: 八閃翻; literally "8 flash tumbles"), or "8 evasive tumbles" and in the Qing
Dynasty as BafanMén (Chinese: 八翻门; literally "8 Rotations School").
According to the Bafanquan manuals, during the Ming dynasty a master named Wang Zhiyuan had been taught the boxing by a mountain wanderer. It is said that Master Wang was an accomplished
warrior but had become injured in battle in a remote part of what is currently Shandong province.