Catch-wrestling is a classical hybrid grappling style that was developed in Britain circa 1870 by J. G. Chambers then later refined and popularised by the wrestlers of travelling
funfairs who developed their own submission holds, or "hooks", into their wrestling to increase their effectiveness against their opponents. Catch wrestling derives from a number of
different styles, the English styles of Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling, Cornwall and Devon wrestling, Lancashire wrestling, Irish collar-and-elbow wrestling, Greco Roman wrestling,
Japanese judo & jujutsu, styles of the Indian subcontinent such as Pehlwani and Iranian styles such as Varzesh-e Pahlavani.