Ancient Greek boxing or Pygmachia (Greek: πυγμαχία pygmachia, "fist fighting") dates back to at least the eighth century BCE
(Homer's Iliad), and was practiced in a variety of social contexts in different Greek city-states. Most extant sources about ancient Greek boxing are fragmentary or legendary, making it
difficult to reconstruct the rules, customs and history surrounding this activity in great detail. Still, it is clear that gloved boxing bouts were a significant part of ancient Greek
athletic culture throughout the early classical period.