Gladiator was a special fighter ancient Rome. The name comes from the sword, a small short sword used very often in the fighting. The practice of duels between gladiators comes from
Etruria and, like many other aspects of Etruscan culture, even that was adopted by the Romans.
Its origin is to be attached to the establishment of the so-called munus, a "duty", an "obligation", a private bounty to provide a service or a contribution to his community. In ancient
Rome, the munera were then the public works carried out for the sake of the Roman people from wealthy individuals and high ranking.
The munera differed instead by Ludi, "games", shows sponsored by the state.