La lotta (formerly "lutta", from the Latin lucta) is to hand combat between two opponents or the phase of the battle in which the two contestants end up locked in direct contact. The term
refers particularly to techniques, movements and counter applied in order to gain a physical advantage, as positions of dominance, outputs and submissions, or to injure an opponent.
The fight is one of the oldest forms of combat. The origins of the struggle can be traced back up to 15,000 years ago through paintings on the walls of caves in France.
Ancient Rome drew heavily from Greek struggle, but it eliminated part of its brutality and its "sporty" in favor of a more targeted approach to physical and mental training of citizens