Sambo (Russian: са́мбо; САМозащита Без
Оружия) is a Russian martial art and combat sport. The word "SAMBO" is an acronym for SAMozashchita Bez Oruzhiya, which literally translates as
"self-defense without weapons". Sambo is relatively modern since its development began in the early 1920s by the Soviet Red Army to improve their hand-to-hand combat abilities. Intended
to be a merger of the most effective techniques of other martial arts, Sambo has roots in Japanese judo, international styles of wrestling, plus traditional folk styles of wrestling such
as: Kazakh Kures, Georgian Chidaoba, Tatar Köräs, Uzbek Kurash, Mongolian Khapsagay, Azerbaijani Gulesh, Armenian Kokh and Romanian Trînta.