Model mugging training involves students role-playing and sometimes fighting through a variety of assault scenarios. Students are taught physical defenses, methods of avoiding or
defusing potential assaults, verbal defenses, and decision-making under the pressure of such situations.
During the simulated assaults, heavily padded instructors, often referred to as muggers, accost, grab, or directly attack a student, who may respond (if they believe a physical
response is appropriate for the situation) with full-force attacks to the padded instructor.